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【新时代百育教育】初中阶段一定要掌握的62个英语句型,你都会吗?

发布时间:2020-01-13

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在初中英语学习阶段,句型和语法、词汇、短语一样重要。掌握这些核心句型,对于学习和考试可以起到事半功倍的效果。


句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语


There’s a boat in the river.


河里有条船。


句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?


What’s wrong with your watch?


你的手表有什么毛病?


句型3:How do you like...?


How do you like China?


你觉得中国怎么样?


句型4:What do you like about...?


What do you like about China?


你喜欢中国的什么?


句型5:had better(not)+动词原形


You’d better ask that policeman over there.


你最好去问问那边的那个警察。


句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语!What a/ an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!


How cold it is today!


今天多冷啊!


What a fine picture it is!


多美的一幅图画呀!


句型7:Thank+sb. +for(doing)sth.


Thank you for coming to see me.


感谢你来看我。


句型8:So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语


He is a student. So am I.


他是一个学生,我也是。


句型9:... not ... until ...


He didn’t have supper until his parents came back.


直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。


句型10:比较级+and+比较级


The baby cried harder and harder.


那孩子哭得越来越厉害。


句型11:the +比较级,the +比较级


The more one has,the more one wants.


越有越贪。


句型12:... as +adj./ adv.+as ...…not as(so) +adj. / adv. +as ...


Do you think that art is as important as music?


你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗?


Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today.


上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。


句型13:more/ less +adj.+than...


I think art is less important than music.


我认为艺术不如音乐重要。


句型14:stop…from doing sth.


The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.


绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。


句型15:both ... and ...


Both you and I are students.


我和你都是学生。


句型16:either ...or...


Either you or he is wrong .


不是你错就是他错。


句型17:neither ... nor ...


Neither he nor I am a student.


我和他都不是学生。


句型18:... as soon as ...


As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message.


我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。


句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...


I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak.


我累得连话也不想说了。


句型20:Though...+主句


Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time.


虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。


句型21:be going to


This afternoon I’m going to buy a Qisu English book.


今天下午我要去买本奇速英语书。


句型22:be different from


I think this is different from Chinese names.


我认为这与汉语名字不同。


句型23:Welcome(back)to...


Welcome back to school!


欢迎回到学校!


句型24:have fun doing


We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.


这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。


句型25:... because ... / ...,so ...


I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson.


因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。


句型26:Why don’t you ... / Why not ...


Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?


为什么不早点到校呢?


句型27:make it


Let’s make it half past nine.


让我们定在九点半吧!


句型28:have nothing to do


They have nothing to do every day.


他们每天无所事事。


句型29:be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.


I think so, but I’m not sure.


我想是这样,但不敢确定。


I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone.


我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。


句型30:between ... and ...


There is a shop between the hospital and the school.


在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。


句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.


You must keep your classroom clean.


你们必须保持教室干净。


Sorry to have kept you waiting.


对不起,让你久等。


Can you keep him in the room ?


你能让他在这个房里吗?


Keep them here.


让他们在这儿呆着。


句型32:find +宾语+宾补


He finds it very hard to travel around the big city .


他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。


句型33:... not ... anymore/ longer


The old man doesn’t travel any more.


这位老人不再旅行了。


He isn’t a thief any longer.


他不再是个贼。


句型34:What’s the weather like...?


What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown?


在你们家乡春天天气怎么样?


句型35:There is no time to do/ have no time to do


There was no time to think.


没有时间思考。


I have no time to go home for lunch.


我没有时间回家吃午饭。


句型36:Help oneself to...


Help yourself to some fish.


吃鱼吧!


句型37:used to do


I used to read this kind of story books.


我过去常读这种故事书。


句型38:borrow ... from


I borrowed a Qisu English book from him.


我从他那借了一本奇速英语书。


句型39:lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.


He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me.


他借了本故事书给我。


句型40:have been to


Have you ever been to Haw aii?


你曾去过夏威夷吗?


句型41:have gone to


Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington.


他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。


句型42:be famous for


Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches.


夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。


句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句


No matter when you come,you are welcomed.


无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。


句型44:be afraid(of / to do / that...)


I’m afraid not.


恐怕不能。


Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English.


当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。


句型45:... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can


I hope to see him as soon as possible.


我希望能尽快见到他。


He ran here as fast as he could.


他尽最大努力跑到这儿。


句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing


A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green.


一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。


Tom enjoys playing football very much.


汤姆很喜欢踢足球。


He finished reading the story book.


他看完了那本故事书。


句型47:It’s said that ...


It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark.


据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。


句型48:Not all / everyone ...


Not all sharks are alike.


并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。


Not everyone likes dumplings.


并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。


句型49:be based on


His argument is based on facts.


他的论断是以事实为根据的。


句型50:... so that ...


Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight.


把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。


句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...


The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long.


绿色长城长7000公里。


The river is about 2 metres deep.


这条河大约有2米深。


The boy is about 12 years old .


这个男孩约12岁。


句型52:keep ... from doing


The heavy rain kept us from starting out.


大雨阻止了我们出发。


句型53:with one’s help...


With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further.


在汤姆的帮助下,我来美国深造。


句型54:I don’t think ...


I don’t think any of them is interesting.


我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。


句型55:What’s the population of ...?


What’s the population of Germany?


德国的人口有多少?


句型56:prefer to do … rather than do


They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it.


他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。


句型57:be worth (doing) …


This book is worth reading.


这本书值得读。


句型58:regard … as


They regarded their pets as members of their families.


他们把宠物视为家庭成员。


句型59:be confident of


I’m confident of success.


我确信会成功。


句型60:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语)


He seems to be angry.


他似乎生气了。


The house seems too noisy.


这房子似乎太吵了。


句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)


We’re all very angry with ourselves.


我们都很生自己的气。


I was angry about his decision to build a factory here.


我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。


I was angry at being kept waiting.


这样一直等我很生气。


句型62:pay for / pay … for


He paid for the book and went away.


他付完书款便离开了。


I paid him £200 for the painting.


买这幅画我付了他200英镑。


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