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【新时代百育教育】小学英语常用的62个英语句型,必备

发布时间:2019-12-15



句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语


There’s a boat in the river. 

河里有条船。


句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?


What’s wrong with your watch?

你的手表有什么毛病?


句型3:How do you like...?


How do you like China?

你觉得中国怎么样?


句型4:What do you like about...?


What do you like about China?

你喜欢中国的什么?


句型5:had better(not)+动词原形


You’d better ask that policeman over there. 

你最好去问问那边的那个警察。


句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语!


What a/ an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!


How cold it is today !

今天多冷啊!


What a fine picture it is!

 多美的一幅图画呀!


句型7:Thank+sb. +for(doing)sth.


Thank you for coming to see me. 

感谢你来看我。


句型8:So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语


He is a student. So am I. 

他是一个学生,我也是。


句型9:... not ... until ...


He didn’t have supper until his parents came back. 

直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。


句型10:比较级+and+比较级


The baby cried harder and harder. 

那孩子哭得越来越厉害。


句型11:the +比较级,the +比较级


The more one has,the more one wants. 

越有越贪。


句型12:... as +adj./ adv.+as ...


…not as(so) +adj. / adv. +as ...


Do you think that art is as important as music?

你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗?


Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 

上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。


句型13:more/ less +adj.+than...


I think art is less important than music. 

我认为艺术不如音乐重要。


句型14:stop…from doing sth.


The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。


句型15:both ... and ...


Both you and I are students. 

我和你都是学生。


句型16:either ... or...


Either you or he is wrong . 

不是你错就是他错。


句型17:neither ... nor ...


Neither he nor I am a student. 

我和他都不是学生。


句型18:... as soon as ...


As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message.

我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。


句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...


I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak. 

我累得连话也不想说了。

句型20:Though...+主句

Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time. 

虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。

句型21:be going to

This afternoon I’m going to buy a Qisu English book. 

今天下午我要去买本奇速英语书。

句型22:be different from

I think this is different from Chinese names. 

我认为这与汉语名字不同。

句型23:Welcome(back)to...

Welcome back to school!

欢迎回到学校!

句型24:have fun doing

We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.   这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。
句型25:... because ... / ...,so ...

I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 

因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。


句型26:Why don’t you ... / Why not ...

Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?

为什么不早点到校呢?


句型27:make it

Let’s make it half past nine. 

让我们定在九点半吧!

句型28:have nothing to do

They have nothing to do every day. 

他们每天无所事事。

句型29:be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.

I think so, but I’m not sure. 

我想是这样,但不敢确定。


I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone. 

我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。

句型30:between ... and ...


There is a shop between the hospital and the school. 

在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。

句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.


You must keep your classroom clean. 

你们必须保持教室干净。


Sorry to have kept you waiting. 

 对不起,让你久等。


Can you keep him in the room ?

你能让他在这个房里吗?


Keep them here. 

让他们在这儿呆着。

句型32:find +宾语+宾补


He finds it very hard to travel around the big city . 

他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

句型33:... not ... anymore/ longer


The old man doesn’t travel any more. 

这位老人不再旅行了。


He isn’t a thief any longer. 

他不再是个贼。

句型34:What’s the weather like...?


What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

在你们家乡春天天气怎么样?

句型35:There is no time to do/ have no time to do


There was no time to think.

没有时间思考。


I have no time to go home for lunch. 

我没有时间回家吃午饭。

句型36:Help oneself to...

Help yourself to some fish. 

吃鱼吧!


句型37:used to do


I used to read this kind of story books. 

我过去常读这种故事书。

句型38:borrow ... from


I borrowed a Qisu English book from him.

我从他那借了一本奇速英语书。


句型39:lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.


He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me. 

他借了本故事书给我。

句型40:have been to


Have you ever been to Haw aii?

你曾去过夏威夷吗?


句型41:have gone to


Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington.

他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。

句型42:be famous for


Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches. 

夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句

No matter when you come,you are welcomed. 

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

句型44:be afraid(of / todo / that...)


I’m afraid not. 恐怕不能。


Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。

句型45:... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can

I hope to see him as soon as possible. 

我希望能尽快见到他。


He ran here as fast as he could. 

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。

句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing


A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green. 

一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。


Tom enjoys playing football very much. 

 汤姆很喜欢踢足球。


He finished reading the story book. 

他看完了那本故事书。

句型47:It’s said that ...


It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark. 

据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。


句型48:Not all / everyone ...

Not all sharks are alike. 

并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。


Not everyone likes dumplings. 

 并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。

句型49:be based on

His argument is based on facts. 

他的论断是以事实为根据的。

句型50:... so that ...


Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight. 

 把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。

句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...


The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long. 

绿色长城长7000公里。


The river is about 2 metres deep. 

这条河大约有2米深。


The boy is about 12 years old . 

这个男孩约12岁。

句型52:keep ... from doing


The heavy rain kept us from starting out. 

大雨阻止了我们出发。

句型53:with one’s help...


With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further. 

在汤姆的帮助下,我来美国深造。

句型54:I don’t think ...


I don’t think any of them is interesting. 

我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。

句型55:What’s the population of ...?


What’s the population of Germany ?

德国的人口有多少?


句型56:prefer to do … rather than do


They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it. 

他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。

句型57:be worth (doing) …


This book is worth reading. 

这本书值得读。

句型58:regard … as


They regarded their pets as members of their families. 

他们把宠物视为家庭成员。

句型59:be confident of


I’m confident of success. 

我确信会成功。

句型60:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语)


He seems to be angry. 

他似乎生气了。


The house seems too noisy. 

这房子似乎太吵了。


句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)


We’re all very angry with ourselves. 

 我们都很生自己的气。


I was angry about his decision to build a factory here. 

我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。


I was angry at being kept waiting. 

这样一直等我很生气。

句型62:pay for / pay … for


He paid for the book and went away. 

他付完书款便离开了。


I paid him £200 for the painting. 

买这幅画我付了他200英镑。



句型1:There+be +主语+地点状语/ 时间状语


There’s a boat in the river. 

河里有条船。


句型2:What’s wrong with+sb. / sth. ?


What’s wrong with your watch?

你的手表有什么毛病?


句型3:How do you like...?


How do you like China?

你觉得中国怎么样?


句型4:What do you like about...?


What do you like about China?

你喜欢中国的什么?


句型5:had better(not)+动词原形


You’d better ask that policeman over there. 

你最好去问问那边的那个警察。


句型6:How+adj. / adv. +主语+谓语!


What a/ an+adj. +n. +主语+谓语!


How cold it is today !

今天多冷啊!


What a fine picture it is!

 多美的一幅图画呀!


句型7:Thank+sb. +for(doing)sth.


Thank you for coming to see me. 

感谢你来看我。


句型8:So+be/ 情态动词/ 助动词+主语


He is a student. So am I. 

他是一个学生,我也是。


句型9:... not ... until ...


He didn’t have supper until his parents came back. 

直到他的父母回来他才吃饭。


句型10:比较级+and+比较级


The baby cried harder and harder. 

那孩子哭得越来越厉害。


句型11:the +比较级,the +比较级


The more one has,the more one wants. 

越有越贪。


句型12:... as +adj./ adv.+as ...


…not as(so) +adj. / adv. +as ...


Do you think that art is as important as music?

你认为艺术和音乐一样重要吗?


Last Sunday the weather was not so wet as it is today. 

上个星期天的天气不如今天的天气潮湿。


句型13:more/ less +adj.+than...


I think art is less important than music. 

我认为艺术不如音乐重要。


句型14:stop…from doing sth.


The Great Green Wall will stop the wind from blowing the earth away.

绿色长城将阻挡风吹走土壤。


句型15:both ... and ...


Both you and I are students. 

我和你都是学生。


句型16:either ... or...


Either you or he is wrong . 

不是你错就是他错。


句型17:neither ... nor ...


Neither he nor I am a student. 

我和他都不是学生。


句型18:... as soon as ...


As soon as I see him,I’ll give him the message.

我一见到他,我就把你的消息告诉他。


句型19:... so+adj. / adv.+that ...


I was so tired that I didn’t want to speak. 

我累得连话也不想说了。

句型20:Though...+主句

Though I like writing to my pen-friend,it takes a lot of time. 

虽然我喜欢给笔友写信,但它要耗费我大量时间。

句型21:be going to

This afternoon I’m going to buy a Qisu English book. 

今天下午我要去买本奇速英语书。

句型22:be different from

I think this is different from Chinese names. 

我认为这与汉语名字不同。

句型23:Welcome(back)to...

Welcome back to school!

欢迎回到学校!

句型24:have fun doing

We’re going to have fun learning and speaking English this term.   这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。
句型25:... because ... / ...,so ...

I don’t know all your names because this is our first lesson. 

因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。


句型26:Why don’t you ... / Why not ...

Why don’t you come to school a little earlier?

为什么不早点到校呢?


句型27:make it

Let’s make it half past nine. 

让我们定在九点半吧!

句型28:have nothing to do

They have nothing to do every day. 

他们每天无所事事。

句型29:be sure/ be sure of/ about sth. / be sure to do sb.

I think so, but I’m not sure. 

我想是这样,但不敢确定。


I was not sure of / about the way,so I asked someone. 

我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。

句型30:between ... and ...


There is a shop between the hospital and the school. 

在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。

句型31:keep sb. / sth. +adj./ V-ing/ 介词补语/ adv.


You must keep your classroom clean. 

你们必须保持教室干净。


Sorry to have kept you waiting. 

 对不起,让你久等。


Can you keep him in the room ?

你能让他在这个房里吗?


Keep them here. 

让他们在这儿呆着。

句型32:find +宾语+宾补


He finds it very hard to travel around the big city . 

他发现要环游这个大城市是很难的。

句型33:... not ... anymore/ longer


The old man doesn’t travel any more. 

这位老人不再旅行了。


He isn’t a thief any longer. 

他不再是个贼。

句型34:What’s the weather like...?


What’s the weather like in spring in your hometown ?

在你们家乡春天天气怎么样?

句型35:There is no time to do/ have no time to do


There was no time to think.

没有时间思考。


I have no time to go home for lunch. 

我没有时间回家吃午饭。

句型36:Help oneself to...

Help yourself to some fish. 

吃鱼吧!


句型37:used to do


I used to read this kind of story books. 

我过去常读这种故事书。

句型38:borrow ... from


I borrowed a Qisu English book from him.

我从他那借了一本奇速英语书。


句型39:lend sb. sth. / lend sth. to sb.


He lent me a story book / He lent a story book to me. 

他借了本故事书给我。

句型40:have been to


Have you ever been to Haw aii?

你曾去过夏威夷吗?


句型41:have gone to


Where’s he?He’s gone to Washington.

他在哪儿?他去华盛顿了。

句型42:be famous for


Hawaii is famous for its beautiful beaches. 

夏威夷以它美丽的海滩而出名。

句型43:No matter +疑问句+主句

No matter when you come,you are welcomed. 

无论你们什么时候来,都受欢迎。

句型44:be afraid(of / todo / that...)


I’m afraid not. 恐怕不能。


Don’t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking English. 

当说英语时不要害怕犯错误。

句型45:... as ... as possible / ... as ... as sb can

I hope to see him as soon as possible. 

我希望能尽快见到他。


He ran here as fast as he could. 

他尽最大努力跑到这儿。

句型46:practise / enjoy / finish doing


A young man practised speaking English with Mr Green. 

一个年青人和格林先生练习说英语。


Tom enjoys playing football very much. 

 汤姆很喜欢踢足球。


He finished reading the story book. 

他看完了那本故事书。

句型47:It’s said that ...


It’s said that one of the most dangerous sharks is the Great White Shark. 

据说最危险的鲨鱼之一是大白鲨。


句型48:Not all / everyone ...

Not all sharks are alike. 

并不是所有的鲨鱼都一样。


Not everyone likes dumplings. 

 并不是每个人都喜欢饺子。

句型49:be based on

His argument is based on facts. 

他的论断是以事实为根据的。

句型50:... so that ...


Put the tree in the hole so that it is straight. 

 把树放入洞穴中,让它立直。

句型51:be+num. +metres / kilometres / years...+long / wide / deep / high / old...


The Great Green Wall is 7,000 kilometres long. 

绿色长城长7000公里。


The river is about 2 metres deep. 

这条河大约有2米深。


The boy is about 12 years old . 

这个男孩约12岁。

句型52:keep ... from doing


The heavy rain kept us from starting out. 

大雨阻止了我们出发。

句型53:with one’s help...


With Tom’s help,I’ve come to America to study further. 

在汤姆的帮助下,我来美国深造。

句型54:I don’t think ...


I don’t think any of them is interesting. 

我认为他们中任何一个都无趣。

句型55:What’s the population of ...?


What’s the population of Germany ?

德国的人口有多少?


句型56:prefer to do … rather than do


They prefer to buy a new one rather than repair it. 

他们更喜欢买一辆新车,而不愿去修理它。

句型57:be worth (doing) …


This book is worth reading. 

这本书值得读。

句型58:regard … as


They regarded their pets as members of their families. 

他们把宠物视为家庭成员。

句型59:be confident of


I’m confident of success. 

我确信会成功。

句型60:seem to do / seem +adj. / (介词短语)


He seems to be angry. 

他似乎生气了。


The house seems too noisy. 

这房子似乎太吵了。


句型61:be angry with / about / at(doing)


We’re all very angry with ourselves. 

 我们都很生自己的气。


I was angry about his decision to build a factory here. 

我很生气他决定把工厂建在这儿。


I was angry at being kept waiting. 

这样一直等我很生气。

句型62:pay for / pay … for


He paid for the book and went away. 

他付完书款便离开了。


I paid him £200 for the painting. 

买这幅画我付了他200英镑。

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